Monday, February 16, 2015

Essay on Consequences of Scientific Discoveries

Science opens up opportunities for new developments, for example, in the areas of genetics, space, energy, information technology, etc. Each of us, in his daily life, can witness the progress in the habitat, urban planning, cultural and artistic environment.

Actually scientific discoveries and technical advances arising therefrom exceed and often transcend their initial objectives. The opportunities are huge, they offer hope of a better life: remote diagnosis in medicine, appearance of new materials (technical clothing, non-stick coating...), waste disposal, food for some patients specifically designed for astronauts... However, they can also generate hazards: harmful use of science, search for progress without necessary cautions, economic crisis, social, negation of the individual. Facing certain derivatives, some precautions are to be taken, limits are to be set, an ethic is to build or evolve to avoid that science and technology develop without taking the man into account.

Faced with these advances, we make individual choices and participate in societal choices, which are to be made knowingly. Searching the answers: how to support scientific and technical progress avoiding elementary catastrophism.

Scientific discoveries are present all around us. Everyone once had to undergo a surgical operation to save his life or by any other reason. Is this not the most beautiful gift that medicine can do to a patient who was sentenced a few years earlier? The possibility the transplant sick or damaged organs has helped save hundreds of lives thanks to the research of scientists.

However, can we say that all of the discoveries have seen the same success as organ transplantation? 

In other words, is any scientific discovery a blessing for humanity? The science governs the lives of men. Almost everything we have today is the result of a technical or scientific discovery. Since several centuries, they have become essential to help the man to evolve. It is defined as the acquisition of skills, access to new knowledge, the ability to understand new techniques or even the world that surrounds us. Through science, researchers have made remarkable findings, intended to evolve and modernize the world. However, any discovery is not necessarily beneficial. This is why one may wonder what difference is there between the acquisition of new knowledge that determine the good they bring to humanity: how to differentiate a good scientific discovery of a bad one? This question leads us to wonder about the purpose of these. Are they all of the same intention? We then come to ask ourselves if some discoveries are not harmful to humans. Are there advances, which have proved dangerous for us? Finally, we should ask ourselves how a scientific discovery is used. If the consequences of such progress do not depend on way, the man uses them.

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